It is not about making self-diagnoses just to find out more, but to jointly build actions to improve the quality of life. In this way, we will go from the planning and programming of activities to the participatory execution of the proposals.
Within the Strategic Planning models we usually give priority to Situational Strategic Planning (for example, from there we have taken the Flowchart and other planning mechanisms). But we also use the EASW (European Awareness Scenario Workshop), the mechanisms of Participatory Democracies, Popular Education, the PRD (Participatory Rural Diagnosis), etc. Here we are only going to present a brief introduction to how we understand these steps for preparing proposals and monitoring their execution.
Planning is projecting future scenarios: defining together the EXPECTED situation we want to reach, through an Action Proposal, from a situation characterized or defined in the form of detected problems, possible causes and expected effects (Self-Diagnosis).
These are questions that we ask ourselves when intervening on reality and that help us prepare the sections of the Comprehensive Sustainable Action Plan (CSAP):
This technique is not only for planning. We can also use it at the beginning of the participatory process, in the design phase.
This technique is a useful instrument for the construction of proposals that satisfy the densest and extensive set of action, that is, the one that brings together more group realities with the greatest intensity around a common project. It can also help us define the main idea, which we will see below.
For this, the participants must have an initial matrix that includes all the positions. For this, a matrix must be prepared in which the constituent elements of the Plan to be developed are stated in the columns (nine questions technique), and in the rows the central position of each sector or group with respect to the problem that is being addressed, placing in each cell the opinions expressed in this regard. It may be the case -in fact, this is confirmed by the research experience- that there are empty cells.
Likewise, a matrix can be made in which the constituent elements of the Plan are stated without labelling the groups, where the opinions expressed in this regard are placed in each cell.
This initial matrix is elaborated in one way or another, the important thing is that we have a material where the group can visualize, without difficulty, the different positions on the Plan and on each of its constituent elements in order to be able to reflect on the multiple and diverse sayings.
The objective of applying this technique is not to embarrass anyone, but rather for each person to question their positions by observing both their internal coherence and the positions of other group realities, thus promoting the approach of group realities that apparently seemed more far from what they really were.
How to proceed: