Before continuing to advance in the role of facilitators of group participation processes, it is important to reflect a little on the life and characteristics of human groups.
Groups, like people, have their own life, their dynamics and their processes. As facilitators or dynamizers of group participation, it is very important to know the processes and life of the groups to take them into account when setting the objectives and the methodologies that we set with it, in short, to adjust the action and intervention to the characteristics of the group and its moment in question.
There are several ways of analysing and defining the life of groups according to various authors. Here we will follow the metaphor of “vital stages” to draw parallels with the stages that the group goes through and find keys to work on each of them, reinforcing the group growth process. The life stages of groups are shown below:
These stages described are not something watertight or linear, that is, a group can move between one stage and another, return to a previous one, get stuck in one or mix characteristics of different stages at a time. The important thing is to observe this group to be able to identify useful traits to intervene in each phase of the process, accompany its evolution and the fulfilment of the objectives that have been set.