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Topic 4.2 Participation Levels

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STEP 4: Participation by incentives. Assigned but informed.


People know the intentions of the project. They know who made the decisions about their participation and why, but no further options are left for questioning or analysis. They may even volunteer for some tasks afterwards.



STEP 5: Functional participation. Consulted and informed.


The project is formulated and directed from the outside, but people understand its intentions and their opinions are taken into account.

Although the right to information, consultation and proposal is consolidated, there is no critical construction process of its own, but rather the person has been trained or instructed to assume an orientation without being able to get involved in its management.



STEP 6: Interactive participation.


External agents design the action, but they share it with the population so that it can enrich it and contribute some ideas. They are “shared” actions.

Participation occurs on a level of reciprocity and co-responsibility between the Administration and the social entities and informal groups that join the local activities, services or facilities. Or between the social entities, technicians and beneficiaries of the projects. If management is shared, it requires consensus dynamics and a certain technical capacity on the part of the groups that participate in the management, which implies learning from them.



STEPS 7 AND 8: Self-development. Self-management.


It is the highest level of participation where the action that takes place in the population or group itself is executed by them, that is, they participate both in the analysis, design and implementation of the action, and in its evaluation. , being the protagonists. Whether or not they have the experience and knowledge of external agents (technicians, administration…), the activity is not initiated or maintained by the external ones (although their advice or consultation could be counted on when the participants require them).