As facilitators of participation and group processes, it is essential that we reflect on our role, the strategies and attitudes that must be implemented. A certain way of facilitating group work can lead to processes of empowerment and autonomy, while other practices can generate certain dependence and even demotivation of the group.
Here are some general ideas about the possible roles of group facilitation:
Functions of the facilitator of group participation processes:
Likewise, there are some attitudes and roles that it would be convenient to avoid:
As we have seen when talking about the life of the groups, their processes are gradual and, therefore, the roles of the facilitators must also be gradual. This means that a group in its initial phase will have little capacity for autonomy, effectiveness and ability to manage conflicts. For this reason, the role of the technicians will initially be more directive and purposeful, more tasks of organization, mediation, etc. will be assumed, in order to give greater autonomy and management capacity to the group itself as its own process progresses.
Below are some guidelines on the role of the technician depending on the moment in which the group is.
To motivate participation there are some ingredients that can give us fundamental clues: